Bangladesh is one of the world's mostdensely populated countries with 160 million people, 31.5 percent of whom live belowthe national poverty line. In addition, child malnutrition rate rates of 48percent, in condition that is tied to the low social status of women inBangladeshi society.
In Bangladesh,there are many problems like, poor infrastructure, political instability andinsufficient power supplies etc, but the Bangladeshi economy has grown 5-6% peryear since 1996. However, Bangladesh still remains a poor, overpopulated, andinefficiently-governed nation with about 45% of the Bangladeshi being employedin the agriculture sector.
Bangladesh is one of the world’spoorest countries. Most of the cases she has to depend on international help.Since the 1990s, there has been a declining trend of poverty by 1% each year,with the help of international assistance. According to World Bank in 2005, 30%of the population was still being below the national poverty line.
The population in Bangladeshis predominantly rural, with almost 80% of the population living in the ruralareas. Many of them live in remote areas that lack of services suchas education, health clinics and adequate roads, particularly road links tomarkets. A low estimate of 20% of the rural poor is in chronicpoverty. They suffer from persistent food insecurity, own no land and assets,are often uneducated and may also suffer serious illnesses or disabilities.Another 29% of the rural population is considered moderately poor. Though theymay own a small plot of land and some livestock and generally have enough toeat, their diets lack nutritional values. As a result of health problems ornatural disasters, they are at risk of sliding deeper into poverty. Women areamong the poorest of the rural poor, especially when they are the sole heads oftheir households. They suffer discrimination, have few earning opportunitiesand their nutritional intake is often inadequate.
In the urban areas, there is about 37% of the urban population livingbelow national poverty line. For those living in urban areas,especially the capital Dhaka, and majorindustrial cities such as Chittagong, Khulna, and Rajshahi, they enjoy a betterstandard of living, with electricity, gas, and clean water supplies. Despitethis, there is still a significant proportion of Bangladeshis living in slumsthat fall apart during the monsoon season and have no regular electricity,limited access to health care and to clean drinking water
One of the main causes of rural poverty is due the country’sgeographical and demographic characteristics. A large proportion of the countryis low-lying and thus is at a high risk to flooding. Many of the rural poorlive in areas that are prone to extreme annual flooding which cause huge damageto their crops, homes and livelihoods. In order to rebuild their homes, theyoften have to resort to moneylenders, and that causes them to fall deeper intopoverty.
Another cause of rural poverty is due to the fast growing populationrate. It places huge pressure on the environment, causing problems such aserosion and flooding, which in turn leads to low agricultural productivity.
The causes of urban poverty are due to the limited employmentopportunities, degraded environment, and poor housing and sanitation. The urbanpoor hold jobs that are labor demanding, thus affecting their healthconditions. Therefore, the urban poor are in a very difficult situation toescape poverty.